If the constant emergence of cult products and skincare trends is an indication, it is that the search for smoother, more radiant and younger-looking skin is endless.  From teenage acne to stress-related rashes, sun damage, and the first signs of aging in adulthood, you always find yourself fighting the good fight to maintain a healthy face.  While being diligent with your diet helps prevent the softness of your skin from going south, there are many other factors that can make or break your skincare goals.  Especially when you consider the fact that your skin suffers from various daily stressors.
 What causes rough skin?

 Your skin's health is influenced by several factors, including pollution, stress, and sun damage, which over time degrades your complexion and makes it more prone to roughness, wrinkles, and dark spots.  old age, bruising and sagging.  Those suffering from genetic diseases such as eczema, ichthyosis, pilar keratosis, and psoriasis are particularly likely to have dry and rough skin, explains certified dermatologist Lillian Soohoo, as well as those who live in dry, low-humidity climates.

 In older women, the chemical and hormonal changes that the body undergoes due to perimenopause and menopause can contribute to a general loss of skin smoothness.  In fact, the normal aging process plays a huge role in the health of your skin, says David Pollock, a chemist and skincare expert.  “[As we age], our bodies produce fewer and fewer key elements that keep us younger.  Collagen protein provides firmness and support.  However, when a woman reaches menopause, she has about 45% less collagen, "says Pollock.

 Accumulation of dead and keratinized skin cells and repetitive irritation also affect the texture and appearance of your skin, says board-certified dermatologist Anna Guanche, who also cites lack of hydration and hydration is one of the main reasons.  why your skin looks rough and dry.

 Dr Soohoo echoes this and adds: “The top layer of the skin is the stratum corneum, which contains dead cells embedded in a waxy matrix of ceramides, cholesterol and fatty acids.  These important substances are all types of fats (lipids) that help keep skin moist and maintain an effective barrier.  "

 How to get smoother skin

 Although it is not always possible for adults to find a firm, smooth complexion for the baby and without blemishes from their youth, this does not mean that they will have to abandon their search to age gracefully.  Below, we've put together a list of dermatologist-recommended tips for smoother skin from head to toe.
 1. Improve your diet to get better skin.

 You know that junk food is bad for you, but if you need more reasons to eat these delicious snacks, here is a good one: processed foods, alcohol, and refined carbohydrates help destroy good bacteria.  and creates an imbalance in the microbiome of your gut, causing inflammation that can also manifest itself on your skin.

 Instead, add more vitamins and antioxidants to your diet, in the form of brightly colored berries and other fruits and vegetables, to strengthen your skin's defenses against free radical damage.  Fish is also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, essential for smooth, radiant skin.

 "Vitamins A and C and zinc play an essential role in skin repair and health," adds Heidi Prather, a board-certified dermatologist.  Most fruits and vegetables contain the first two, while zinc is found in dairy and poultry products, legumes, meat, and most importantly, dark chocolate!

 2. Make sure you get enough sleep.

 Stress can wreak havoc on your skin, especially when you don't let your body rest and recover from the daily grind.  "Your body repairs and recovers from daily stress while sleeping, so poor sleep can lead to premature skin aging," says Dr. Prather.

 Dr. Guanche agrees and adds: “Those who are exhausted often appear with sunken, dry or yellow skin.  On the other hand, those who rest often have fewer festoons under the eyes and in their feeders and have plump, fresh skin.  It goes without saying that it is time to make beauty sleep a priority.  Save seven to eight hours of quality sleep each night to rejuvenate your skin and body.

 3. Sweat with regular exercise.

 So you're already eating more vegetables and sleeping better, but your journey to a healthier lifestyle and smoother skin won't be complete without adding regular exercise to your routine.  "Exercise induces a greater volume of blood to pump into the vessels of the face, which generates more micronutrients and healing properties for the facial skin," says Dr. Guanche.  It also helps reduce inflammation, regulate hormones important to the skin, and prevent free radical damage.  Furthermore, sweating is also a great way to purge pores from debris.

 4. Be serious about cleansing and exfoliation.

 "Cleaning and gentle exfoliation can make the skin look smoother and more radiant by removing dead skin cells from the surface and allowing light to reflect off the skin," says Dr. Soohoo.  Double cleansing according to your skin type is a good way to make sure you remove all traces of dirt, oil and makeup that clog your pores without the risk of over-washing and over-drying your skin.

 Exfoliation, on the other hand, can be done chemically or mechanically.  But while scrubs and scrubs may be part of your skincare routine, you may be forgetting the most worn parts of your body - your hands and feet.  Slightly abrasive scrubs with antioxidant-rich moisturizing ingredients can help smooth and smooth legs and feet, which are prone to roughness, bumps and calluses.  If you have sensitive skin that may be prone to micro scars, Dr. Guanche recommends rinsing your body with a mild glycolic acid bath gel with a gentle puff.

 As for your pout, gently brushing your lips with warm water and a toothbrush will prevent flaking and chapped lips and remove dead skin cells.  If you want to exfoliate more, try a mild lip scrub before applying lip balm or moisturizing lipstick to keep your mouth soft.  For the rest of your face, exfoliating acids like salicylic, lactic, and glycolic acids are best when it comes to renewing the outer layers of your skin because they dissolve the sticky substance that binds dead cells to the surface.

 If you're looking for an even deeper peel, you can contact your dermatologist for one of these office treatments:

 Chemical Peel Treatments: This type of peel helps to firm, tone, and lighten the complexion while minimizing the appearance of blemishes, blemishes, wrinkles, and fine lines and light to moderate scarring.  "A series of light chemical peels combined with a chemical peel cream such as retina-A or glycolic acid work very well," says Dr. Guanche, adding that alternating with microdermabrasion can produce even better results.

 Microdermabrasion and Dermabrasion: Microdermabrasion is a gentle procedure that can be used on the face, neck, hands, and body using a fine tip instrument or applying a fine mist of abrasive particles.  Dermabrasion, on the other hand, is a deeper and more powerful resurfacing technique, so it is not always recommended for all skin types.  Both treatments work by removing the upper layers of the skin to promote cell regeneration.

 Laser Skin Resurfacing: This procedure uses concentrated light beams to improve skin tone, texture, and fine lines and wrinkles.  Laser skin rejuvenation is also effective in treating redness and pigmentation, encourages collagen production, and removes unwanted hair and scarring.  "Opt for a well-controlled laser from a competent and qualified provider," suggests Dr. Guanche.  “Each of these procedures can work very well if done in series.  Don't expect a single treatment, which can be harsh, risky, and cause other problems, such as hyperpigmentation, scarring, or a shiny white face.  "

 5. Improve hydration with the appropriate moisturizers.

 Whether you have dry or oily skin, hydration is important to balance your skin's sebum production, prevent peeling and dry spots, and replenish lost hydration.  "Lotions and creams are oily products that can fill in some of the dead skin cells and give a smoother texture by adding an oily coating to the surface," says Dr. Soohoo.  "It can be made much more effective by adding active ingredients to the lotion or cream.  Think of the lotion or cream as the "base" or vehicle for a more effective ingredient like retinoid, growth factor, vitamin C, or alpha / beta hydroxy acids.  "

 To choose the right ingredients, it is essential to take note of your skin type and sensitivity.  "It is also important to know if you are going to treat other skin conditions such as acne, dark spots and eczema before trying something new, because choosing the wrong moisturizer can make your skin worse," adds Dr. Soohoo.  Your best bets are mild moisturizers like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and ceramides.  For best results, apply your lotion or moisturizer to damp skin (or within three minutes of showering) to trap water, then apply facial or body oil to seal and block moisture

 6. Hydrate your skin from the inside.

 Take it from the French and make water your best friend.  In addition to helping flush toxins out of your body, Dr. Guanche says, "The more water you drink, the more hydrated and delicious your cells become. The metabolic processes within cells can function more efficiently. Drinking at least  Eight to ten glasses of water and eating at least five servings of fruits or vegetables a day is what Dr. Guanche recommends "get all these micronutrients and antioxidants to maintain healthy skin." Don't forget to eat a rainbow: apples, oranges  , bananas, kiwis, blueberries and grapes! "

 7. Avoid the sun.

 It is no secret that UV radiation is bad news for the skin.  In fact, the majority of skin lesions in elderly patients are caused by a life not exposed to the sun.  "Chronic sun damage throughout our lives has the cumulative effect of destroying the collagen and elastin that make up the connective tissues in our skin," says board-certified dermatologist Hal Weitzbuch.

 Whether you're sipping a daisy on the beach or taking off through an alpine landscape, broad-spectrum sun protection is key.  Especially when you consider that up to 80% of UV rays can penetrate the cloud layer and pass through car glass and windows.  In winter, the sun's rays can reflect off the snow and bounce off, hitting your skin twice.

 For daily use, opt for a broad spectrum of SPF 30

 to provide your skin with an adequate defense against UVA and UVB rays.  If you spend a lot of time outdoors, choose SPF 50 or higher.